Cybersecurity is currently a booming industry. Organizations large and small need technical experts who can protect their tech stacks from internal and external threats. But what skills do you need to be successful in cybersecurity roles?
Possessing the right mix of skills (and getting a job) can lead to great rewards. According to Lightcast, which collects and analyzes millions of job listings nationwide, cyber security expert is $96,257 per year, and that amount can obviously go up with experience and professional skills.
Lightcast also forecasts that cybersecurity positions will grow by 23.1% over the next decade. The current time required to fill a position is 44 days, suggesting high levels of demand. You have to prove that you are
Required cybersecurity skills
Lightcast lists the following as “necessary skills” for cybersecurity positions: That said, many employers are looking for candidates with at least a few of the following skills:
- Information system
- project management
- customer service
- Software Development
- software engineering
Defending a system effectively requires an understanding of how it works, so knowledge of software development and engineering is required. Likewise, mastery of some of the key cybersecurity principles, such as authentication and encryption, is also a prerequisite for this job.
Python has become a ubiquitous language in recent years, useful in many contexts outside of cybersecurity. Cybersecurity experts also recommend familiarity with Golang and Javaand Linux.
Defining cybersecurity skills
next Lightcast “defines skills” as the everyday skills cybersecurity professionals need to perform their tasks to the best of their abilities:
- network security
- NIST Cybersecurity Framework
- security operations
- Intrusion detection
- Penetration test
- Vulnerability assessment
Again, these make perfect sense. Knowing how to perform the core tasks of the job (such as penetration testing or network security principles) is essential. Knowledge of “offensive” and “defensive” cyber skills A wide range of opportunities opens up.
How to identify cybersecurity skills
Next comes Lightcast’s “Differentiation Skills”. It is defined as advanced skills that cybersecurity professionals can use to differentiate themselves in a crowded marketplace. As you can see, many of these skills constitute top-level analysis. Use these to provide others in your organization with accurate and easy-to-understand threat assessments along with a plan for handling vulnerabilities.
- threat analysis
- Information Assurance
- threat modeling
- Knowledge of cyber security
- Vulnerability analysis
- cyber security assessment
- Threat intelligence and analysis
- data security
- Data loss prevention
proof of skill
Given the current hunger for cybersecurity talentcompanies do not necessarily require all job seekers to own formal training and degrees— but anyone applying for a cybersecurity role must prove that they have the skills and experience necessary to get the job done in practice. Especially if you’re applying for a senior-level position are expected to face a technical interview.
Many cybersecurity professionals also seek certifications to demonstrate that they have the right skills to properly secure their systems. According to Lightcast, the qualifications that appear most frequently in cybersecurity-related job postings are:
- safety inspection
- CompTIA Security+
- Information system certification
Also, keep in mind that many cybersecurity-related jobs fully require specific certifications, such as CISSP.